Public concern about, and desire for research into, the human health effects of marine plastic pollution

Author(s)
Sophie M. C. Davison, Mathew P. White, Sabine Pahl, Tim Taylor, Kelly Fielding, Bethany R. Roberts, Theo Economou, Oonagh McMeel, Paula Kellett, Lora E. Fleming
Abstract

Marine plastic pollution is caused by humans and has become ubiquitous in the marine environment. Despite the widely acknowledged ecological consequences, the scientific evidence regarding detrimental human health impacts is currently debated, and there is no substantive evidence surrounding public opinion with respect to marine plastic pollution and human health. Results from a 15-country survey (n = 15,179) found that both the European and Australian public were highly concerned about the potential human health impacts of marine plastic pollution, and strongly supported the funding of research which aims to better understand its health/ wellbeing implications. Multi-level modelling revealed that these perceptions varied across socio-demographic factors (e.g. gender), political orientation, marine contact factors (e.g. marine occupation and engagement in coastal recreation activities) and personality traits (e.g. openness, conscientiousness and agreeableness). Quantifying attitudes, as well as understanding how individual-level differences shape risk perception will enable policy makers and communicators to develop more targeted communications and initiatives that target a reduction in marine plastic pollution.

Organisation(s)
Vienna Cognitive Science Hub, Department of Cognition, Emotion, and Methods in Psychology
External organisation(s)
University of Exeter, University of Queensland, Seascape Belgium, European Marine Observat & Data Network EMODnet, European Marine Board
Journal
Global Environmental Change
Volume
69
No. of pages
14
ISSN
0959-3780
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102309
Publication date
07-2021
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
501002 Applied psychology
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/public-concern-about-and-desire-for-research-into-the-human-health-effects-of-marine-plastic-pollution(cd19b109-af27-4447-b881-49db416499d7).html